Raja Sankranti (Swing competition) or Mithuna Sankranti is the primary day of the month of Asara (June-July) from which the season of rains begins. It inaugurates and welcomes the agricultural 12 months throughout Odisha which marks, by way of organic symbolism, the moistening of the summer season parched soil with the primary showers of the monsoon, thus making it prepared for productiveness. To rejoice the appearance of monsoon, the joyous competition is organized for 3 days by the villagers. Although celebrated everywhere in the state it’s extra enthusiastically noticed within the districts of Cuttack, Puri and Balasore. The primary day known as Pahili Raja (Prior Raja), second is Raja Sankranti (Correct Raja) and third is Basi Raja (Previous Raja).
In response to well-liked perception as girls menstruate, which is a sing of fertility, so additionally Mom Earth menstruates. So all three days of the competition are thought-about to be the menstruating interval of Mom Earth. Throughout the competition all agricultural operations stay suspended. As in Hindu properties menstruating ladies stay secluded due to impurity and don’t even contact something and are given full relaxation, so additionally the Mom Earth is given full relaxation for 3 days for which all agricultural operations are stopped. Considerably, it’s a pageant of the single women, the potential moms.
All of them observe the restrictions prescribed for a menstruating girl. The very first day, they rise earlier than daybreak, do their coiffeur, annoint their our bodies with turmeric paste and oil after which take the purificatory tub in a river or tank. Peculiarly, bathing for the remainder two days is prohibited. They don’t stroll naked-foot don’t scratch the earth, don’t grind, don’t tear something aside, don’t minimize and don’t cook dinner. Throughout all of the three consecutive days they’re seen in one of the best of attire and decorations, consuming desserts and wealthy meals on the homes of associates and family members, spending lengthy cheery hours, shifting up and down on improvised swings, rending the village sky with their merry impromptu songs.
The swings are of various varieties, comparable to Ram Doli, Charki Doli, Pata Doli, Dandi Doli and so forth. Songs specifically meant for the competition communicate of affection, affection, respect, social behaviour and every thing of social order that involves the minds of the singers. By nameless and composed extempore, a lot of those songs, by way of shere fantastic thing about diction and sentiment, have earned permanence and have gone to make the very substratum of Odisha’s folks-poetry.
Whereas women thus scatter magnificence, grace and music throughout, transferring up and down on the swings in the course of the pageant, younger males give themselves to strenuous video games and good meals, on the eve of the onset of the monsoons which won’t give them even a minute’s respite for virtually 4 months making them one with mud, slush and relentless showers, their spirits maintain excessive with solely the hopes of a superb harvest. As all agricultural actions stay suspended and a joyous environment pervades, the younger males of the village preserve themselves busy in numerous varieties of nation video games, essentially the most favorite being kabadi. Competitions are additionally held between completely different teams of villages. All nights ‘Yatra’ performances or ‘Gotipua’ dances are organized in affluent villages the place they will afford the skilled teams. Performs and different kinds of leisure are additionally organized by enthusiastic amateurs.
The particular number of cake ready out of recipes like rice-powder, molasses, coconut, camphor, ghee and so forth. goes within the title of Poda Pitha (burnt cake). The dimensions of the cake varies in keeping with the variety of relations. Desserts are additionally exchanged amongst family and mates. Younger women don’t take rice throughout the three-day competition and maintain solely with one of these cake, fried-rice(mudi) and vegetable curry.