Different & Beautiful 32 Besha Of Lord Jagannath In Puri Temple

The Costumes or Besha of Lord Jagannath symbolize various cultural and religious syntheses in the shrine. Everyday from early morning to night the deities on the Ratnavedi wear different attires made of cotton and silk fabrics, Gold Ornaments studded with precious stones, flowers of different varieties, tulsi leaves etc. Sandal paste, camphor and some times musks are used in the daily and periodical rituals.

The sevaks of temple who dress the deities with clothing and flowers are known as Puspalaks or Singharis.

The 32 Besha or costumes of the deities are mentioned below.

1. Abakasha (Tadapa Uttari) Vesha

This Vesha is done everyday after Mangal Aarati for the Abakash rituals. The clothes which are worn by the deities for this purpose are known as “Tadapa” and “Uttariya”.

Abakasha Besha2. Sadha Vesha

This Vesha are the normal costumes of deities which they wear five times in a day, especially after each food offering. This Vesha comprises silken clothes and flower garlands.

Sadha Vesha

3. Bada Singhar Vesha

The most important decoration of the day is the Bada Singhara Besha. It is done every night before the Ratri Pahuda (last ritual).

Bada Singhara Besha4.Ganapati or Hathi Vesha

On the full moon day in the month of Jyestha, after the bathing ceremony is over, the deities are dressed like elephants. Lord Jagannath and Lord Balabhadra appear like Ganesh(the Elephant God).

5. Suna Besha

The famous besha takes place on Asadha Sukla Ekadasi Tithi (the 11th day of the bright fortnight in Asadha) when the deities are in their respective chariots in front of the Lions Gate of Shree Jagannatha Temple on their return journey from Car Festival. This Besha is also known as ‘Bada Tadhau Besha’.

Suna(gold) Vesha6. Banabhoji Besha

It is done on the 10th day of the dark fortnight of Bhadraba. The deities are dressed as if going for a picnic, like cowherd boys.
Banabhoji Besha7. Kaliyadalana Besha
This besha takes place on Bhadraba Krushna Ekadasi Tithi (the 11th day of the dark fortnight in Bhadraba). Lord Shree Jagannath is dressed like Krushna killing the Kaliya serpent.

Kaliyadalana Besha

8. Pralambasura Badha Besha
This Vesha is celebrated on Bhadrav Krushna Dwadasi every year. This Vesha commences after the completion of Madhyana Bhoga. This Vesha commemorates to killing of Demon Pralamba by God Balaram during the incarnation of Krishna. This Vesha is made on Balabhadra only while Jagannath & Subhadra remain in their normal attire.
Pralambasura Badha Besha
9. Krushna Balaram Besha

This Vesha is done on the 13th day of the dark fortnight of Bhadraba. Lord Jagannath and Balabhadra are dressed like Lord Krishna and Balaram.

Krushna Balaram Besha10. Bamana Besha

On Bhadraba Sukla Dwadasi Tithi (the 12th day of the bright fortnight in Bhadraba), Shri Jagannatha is dressed as like Bamana the incarnation of Bishnu. Notably, Baman is the fifth incarnation of Lord Bishnu.

Bamana Besha

11. Radha Damodar Besha

From the 11th day of the bright fortnight of Ashwina to the 10th day of the bright fortnight of Kartika, this vesha takes place.

Radha Damodar Besha12. Lakshmi Narayana Besha

This besha is also known as ‘Thiakia Besha’. It is done on the 11th day of the bright fortnight of Kartika. It is stated that the worship of Lakshmi and Narayana has gained popularity in Jagannatha consciousness, since the visit of Ramanuja, the great religious preacher to this holy land of Shreekshetra Puri.

 Lakshmi Narayana Besha13. Bankachuda Besha

It is done on Karttika Sukla Dwadasi Tithi (the 12th day of the bright fortnight in Karttika). This is similar to that of Lakshmi-Narayan Besha with addition of golden headgear.

Bankachuda Besha14. Adakia Besha

This Besha is also known as ‘Tribikram Besha’. It is done on Karttika Sukla Trayodasi (the 13th day of the bright fortnight in Karttika).

 Adakia Besha 15. Dalikia Besha

This besha is observed on 14th day of Kartika Sukla fortnight in every year. The Deities are adorned with golden crowns on their heads and different types of bids.

 Dalikia Besha
16. Nagarjuna Besha

This besha is observed during Kartik month occasionally when Panchuka (last five days of Kartika month) observed as six days instead of five. As per mythological information , this besha is celebrated in commemoration of killing of Sahashrarjuna by Parsuram or battle between Aurjua and his son Nagarjuna . The deities adorned with golden hands, Legs bids and weapons made of Gold.

Nagarjuna Besha17. Ghodalagi Besha

Ghodalagi means specially designed winter dresses for the deities installed at ‘Ratnasinghasan’. During the period from the 6th day of the bright fortnight of Margasira to the 5th day of the bright fortnight of Magha (Basanta Panchami Tithi), the deities wear winter clothes.

Ghodalagi Besha18. Jamalagi Besha

From Basanta Panchami to Dola Purnima, the deities wear modified Ghoda(Winter dress).

Jamalagi Besha19. Padma Besha

Padma means lotus and the dress materials for this besha are made of lotus flowers, which are traditionally supplied by the Badachhata Matha. This flower appear on earth from this month onwards. It is believed that the deities are dressed with this besha in order to perpetuate the memory of a devotee who had brought the lotus flowers from a long distance to decorate the deities. Pudding is offered to the deities when they are in this besha. It is done on any Saturday or Wednesday between the new moon day of Magha and Basanta Panchami.
 Padma Besha20. Gaja Uddharana Besha
The famous Gaja Uddharana Besha is done on Magha Purnima tithi (the fullmoon day of Magha). This Besha depicts an epic story as to how Lord Bishnu saved a helpless elephant from the clutches of a crocodile.

Gaja Uddharana Besha21. Dola Purnami Suna Besha

This Besha is observed on Dola Purnima in each year also known as Raja Rajeswar Besha. This besha is as like as Suna vesha on the Chariot in front of Lions gate of Sri Mandir. This bhesha is mostly liked by the local kings of Orissa and they used to donate different golden ornaments bejwelled with valuable stones. The deities are decorated with 23rd type of golden ornaments.

Dola Purnami Suna Besha22. Chandana Laggi Besha

On every day the deities adorned with Chandana laggi Besha after evening Dhupa, schedule time of this Besha is 10 P.M . The attendants apply Chandan (Sandal Paste) on the body of the deities. During this besha, the other attendant also present with sticks in their hands as a rite and offers betel to the deities.

Chandana Laggi Besha

23. Nabank Besha

At evening time the deities wear garlands made of Tulasi (Basil) leaves. The attire is long cloth with red colored border. Similar colored clothes are folded to form a turban over their heads. This attire of the Lord Jagannath is supposed to have been started by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and is taken by the Lord on the previous day of the Makar Sankranti.

 Nabank Besha

24. Tahiyalaggi Besha
This besha observed during Rath Yatra Time. Lord Shree Jagannath  wears a crown (Called as Tahiya).
Tahiyalaggi Besha25. Pausa Abhisekh Besha

The installation of the Triad Deities in the temple complex is believed to have been done on the full moon day of the month of Pausa (Dec-Jan). The Pausa Abhisek is done to commemorate the occasion.The deity appears like a regal emperor in full pomp attired in golden robes and garlands of different flower.

Pausa Abhisekh Besha26. Raghunatha Besha

The Lord is adorned in this Vesha in the month of Chaitra. In this Vesha, Lord Jagannath is adorned like Lord Shri Ram. He holds a bow and an arrow in the Vesha. Lakshman, Bharat, Shatrughna and Hanuman are made of solapith and wooden twigs and are displayed on the Ratnasinghasana. This Vesha is discontinued now.

 Raghunatha Besha

27. Naba Jaubana Besha
Naba Jaubana Darshana is The Holy Sight of Juvenile Youth of Lord Jagannath. As Lord Jagannath falls ill after taking heavy bath during the Snaana Purnimaa (The Bathing Full Moon) and retires into the Anasara Ghara (The House of Rest). After a full fortnight’s treatment with herbs, complete rest and dieting; the Lord gets back his juvenile youth and He looks as enticing as ever.

 Naba Jaubana Besha 28. Chacheri Vesha

Every year, between Phalguna Sukla Dashami to Chaturdasi, for five days, the deities are decorated with Chacheri Vesha. This Vesha commences during mid day. First Sandal Paste is applied on the bodies of deities. Special quality of cloths namely Bairani & Madhabali etc. are offered to Deities. The deities adorned with four ear rings locally called Kundala and two Tadagis.
Chacheri Vesha29. Raja Besha

This besha takes place on Vijaya Dashami Tithi (Dasahara) in the month of Aswina. Jagannatha was regarded as the King of Odisha since the rule of Ganga dynasty and this Besha of Shree Jagannatha continues from those days.

Raja Besha30. Harihara Besha

During the time span of the Radha-Damodar Besha of Shree Jagannatha on each Monday, Harihara Besha of Lord Shree Balabhadra is done for a fortnight, i.e. from the darkmoon day till the fullmoon day.

Harihara Besha

31. Raja Rajeswar Besha

This Besha takes place on Kartika Purnima Tithi (fullmoon day of Karttika). Large numbers of devotees are allowed to go up to Ratnasinghasan and have a darshan of the above gorgeous Besha of the Lords and be blessed themselves.

Raja Rajeswar Besha32. Sraddha Besha

This Vesha is observed on the 14th day of Shukla Paksha of Margasir Month. In accordance with Hindu culture, three deities offer Shradha Tarpan to their parents Nanda & Vasudev . On this day He also offers light (deepa) to King Indradyumna who built the temple as per legend. On this occasion Sri Jagannath wears 27 feet long cloth, Balabhadra 21 feet long cloth and Subhadra 18 feet long cloth. Their heads are covered with Sirikapada (a special form of cloth). This Vesha is observed before Chandan Lagi Vesha.

Sraddha Besha

 

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